County Lines is the term used to describe gangs and organised criminal networks, transporting drugs into one or more supply areas within the UK and using dedicated mobile phone lines or another form of “deal line”. They are likely to exploit children and vulnerable adults to move and store drugs and money and they will often use coercion, intimidation, violence (including sexual violence) and weapons.”1
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- Home Office 2018
- NCA 2016 County Lines Violence Exploitation and Drugs supply
- Spicer 2019
- NCA 2016
- Ministry of Justice (2019)
- NCA 2019
- Criminal Exploitation of children and vulnerable adults county lines GOV UK
- Modern Slavery Act 2015
- Home Office Identifying people at risk (enforcement)
- Schedule 4 Modern Slavery Act 2015 lists 140 offences which are exempt from the statutory defence, many of which are common in child trafficking cases, for example, arson. murder, kidnap and false imprisonment, firearms offences.
- see s.45(5) Modern Slavery Act 2015
- see s.45(5) Modern Slavery Act 205
- Crown Court Compendium Pt I July 2020
- Criminal exploitation of children and vulnerable adults: county lines- Gov.UK
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